Hyperpigmentation is the development of excess pigmented cells in certain areas of the skin. Hyperpigmentation can be the result of inflammation in the area (a very common form of hyperpigmentation that is referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, a condition that we often see after acne resolves), melasma (a condition that results as a combination of sun exposure and hormones), or even sun exposure.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be very troubling, as it can occur after any insult that causes inflammation on the skin. We see post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after not only acne, but scratches on the skin, rashes, and burns. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be treated in a variety of ways. Dr. Schweiger explains that, “While fractional laser resurfacing with the Fraxel laser is the most effective way to treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, we often try other methods first. Topical creams can sometimes make a big difference with post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, though for a dramatic improvement we recommend them in combination with laser treatment.”
Here are a few treatment options for improving post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: